When to use a citation in a research paper

Types of citation in research

Capitalization Always capitalize author names and initials in in-text citations. When giving information that reflects the results or implications of previous work, place the citation author and publication date at the end of the sentence. Include the parenthetical citation after the final punctuation mark. A study of hormonal regulation of body temperature and consequences for reproductive success in the common house mouse Mus musculus in Nome, Alaska. If your source of information has no individual identifiable author, use the name of the organization to which the work can be attributed in place of the author's name: The reference citation style described here is a version of the "Author, Date" scientific style, adapted from the Council of Biology Editors When in doubt, ask your faculty member or AI for clarification. But there are a number of other reasons to cite sources: citations are extremely helpful to anyone who wants to find out more about your ideas and where they came from not all sources are good or right -- your own ideas may often be more accurate or interesting than those of your sources. The results of the first enzyme study Chen et al. You may wish to include citations for sources that add relevant information to your own work, or that present alternate views. New researchers tend to use more diverse methodologies Khan, , p. However, much of your work at Princeton — from papers to problem sets to the senior thesis — will be produced outside of class, whether in the library, your dorm room, or elsewhere. When do I need to cite?

Update on Academic Integrity Revisions, February Collaboration Do you know how much collaboration is permitted in your courses? Click and Clack demonstrated that mice treated with synthetic estrogen analogs react similarly.

Direct quotations should be surrounded by quotations marks and are generally used when the idea you want to capture is best expressed by the source.

how to write reference in research paper

Chen discusses several relationships revealed in this study. Note: Different source types and situations require different information within the parentheses. In addition, every time a wok is cited within a paper in APA, a parenthetical citationa corresponding entry must be included in the reference list.

When referring to external work or referencing an entire work but not directly quoting the material, you only need to make reference to the author and year of publication and not the page number in your citation.

citation in research paper example

Then put the year of publication, the title of the book in italics if possiblethe publisher, the city, and the number of pages in the book.

According to Khannew researchers tend to use more diverse methodologies.

How to cite a research paper in a paper

Finally, you should note the placement of the period AFTER the parenthetical citation - the citation, too, is part of a sentence,e. Citing References in the Body Intro and Discussion of the Paper Throughout the body of your paper primarily the Intro and Discussion , whenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information. On the contrary, citing sources actually helps your reader distinguish your ideas from those of your sources. Direct quotations that are more than 4 lines long should be set off from the rest of your paper by use of narrower margins and single spaced lines. What's allowed can vary from course to course—and even from assignment to assignment—depending on the learning goals. Year, e. Details of Citing References in your Text When you cite a reference in your text you should use one of the following three formats: 1 Mention the author by last name in the sentence and then give the year of the publication in parenthesis: According to Rodgers , the Appalachian mountains were formed in three events. APA guidelines encourage this inclusion but do not require it. The following situations almost always require citation: whenever you use quotes whenever you use an idea that someone else has already expressed whenever you make specific reference to the work of another whenever someone else's work has been critical in developing your own ideas. When necessary, report the complete URL in the text including the site author's name: Ohio State University Library has a good webpage for citing web sources:. But there are a number of other reasons to cite sources: citations are extremely helpful to anyone who wants to find out more about your ideas and where they came from not all sources are good or right -- your own ideas may often be more accurate or interesting than those of your sources. Chen discusses several relationships revealed in this study. Details of Formatting Reference Lists Your list of References Cited should include all of the references you cited in your paper, and no more! Note: Different source types and situations require different information within the parentheses.

When giving information that reflects the results or implications of previous work, place the citation author and publication date at the end of the sentence.

If the reference you are citing has two authors, use the following format: Periods of glaciation have a large effect on sea level Ingmanson and Wallace, Furthermore, if you use figures, illustrations, or graphical material, either directly or in modified form, that you did not yourself create or design, you need to acknowledge the sources of those figures.

In text citation

What's allowed can vary from course to course—and even from assignment to assignment—depending on the learning goals. For Books List all authors by last name and initials, separated by commas if there are more than two authors. Type the entire quotation within these new margins and using double-spacing. Articles with more than two authors are cited by the first authors last name followed "and others" or "et al. For an Article from a Journal or Magazine List the author s of the article using the same format given above for books, then give the year, the title of the article or chapter no quotes, italics or underlines , then the title of the journal or magazine in italics if possible , the volume number of the journal do not use the publication date , and page numbers where the article can be found: One author: Maddox, J. Year, e. You may wish to include citations for sources that add relevant information to your own work, or that present alternate views. When a book, paper, or article has no identifiable author, cite it as Anon. Refer to a style guide for the style you are using for details. Then put the title of the book in italics if possible , the publisher, the city, and the page numbers where the article can be found: Rodgers, J.

Direct quotations that are more than 4 lines long should be set off from the rest of your paper by use of narrower margins and single spaced lines.

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