In order to obtain a sufficient number of labourers in their colonies in the New World, the Spanish and Portuguese enslaved some of the Amerindians in addition to bringing in slaves from their home countries, as African slaves were a common sight in Spain and Portugal.
However, English colonization efforts in the s were closer to home, as England devoted its energy to the colonization of Ireland. In this view, colonies existed to strengthen the colonizing nation. The Vikings The Vikings are thought to be the first European explorers to arrive in North America, having landed in what is now Newfoundland, a present province of Canada, over years before Columbus.
Although still a young man, probably no more than thirty years of age when he gave an account of his life inDale had been ravaged by an Atlantic world whose trade in people and goods had used him and rendered him lame.
Spanish Exploration and Conquest The Spanish established the first European settlements in the Americas, beginning in the Caribbean and, byextending throughout Central and South America. Some of the staple crops of Latin America, such as coffee and sugarcanewere introduced by European settlers in the course of the Columbian Exchange.
Another way of buying slaves involved renting a piece of land on the shore from the local ruler on which a temporary shed would be constructed.