The depiction of the capitalist society in wells the time machine

The working class labored for long hours and received miniscule wages, whereas the bourgeoisie grew abundantly wealthy through the labor of the working class. Unequal treatment of people is also expressed through the existence of social class stratification.

the time machine critical analysis

In this respect, the main idea of the novel consists in the confrontation between these two social groups, as well as between different modes of life. Penguin Group. Initially the Time Traveler is met by the small and happy, though dimwitted, descendants of the human race known as the Eloi.

The time machine pdf

The author was known for his Socialist and Communist leanings and propogated the fact that Capitalism is one of the greatest evils of modern society. Source Wells, H. The Eloi only ate fruit, and as the Time Traveler discovered quickly when he tried to explain how he got there, they had the intellect and attention spans of Victorian children Mauk, Ben. The workers depend on their bosses for their livelihood but because poor people are a dime a dozen, and thoroughly disposable, the elites need not care for their quality of living one bit. Charles Dickens was born in , and was a contemporary of the Industrial Revolution. Such a reference also explains the way Wells introduces the concept of humanity. Therefore, although Wells visionary future had to fit within current scientific thought for it to bear integrity, the means he applied to travel to the future only had to appear scientific to contemporary society. Such a lavish lifestyle however only comes at the consequence of the Morlocks who live under the surface in a hellish underworld filled with darkness. To understand this representative class struggle between the Eloi and Morlocks, one must understand the beginnings of their respective races. Marx said that there will eventually be a labor revolt, the proletariat over running the bourgeoisie. In ancient Irish legend, the warrior-poet Oisin is said to have traveled three hundred years in the future by living three years in the land of eternal youth. Dickens was rather poor and had no proper education. This inference signifies that the Morlocks rely on the Eloi for food.

Like its name suggests the Industrial Revolution had to do with the evolving Industry. Consequently, the world presented in the novel is full of biases and contradictions: utopian world of the Eloi and the wicked society of the Morlocks.

The dominating class follows utopian principles whereas inferior class lives in a dystopian world in the underground.

Capitalism in the time machine

Wells and the New Liberalism. Like the communist utopia flipped on its head, this dystopia deals also with the course themes. Dwelling underground lived a species similarly dim-witted as the Eloi or so the time traveller initially thought. His major target has always been the elitist branch of evolution - Social Darwinism. He notices that the Morlocks, which are furry ape-like creatures with large greyish-red eyes that reflect light in order to see in the dark, live entirely underground, and have some intelligence in order to maintain machinery and their ventilation shafts This complete segregation and diversion of species forever worries the Time Traveller as he remarks his 19thcentury society destined to succumb to such an absurd and defeating prospect. I would have to disagree with Jonsson, because even today what the author was alluding to in The Time Machine has already happened and could still happen today. To understand this representative class struggle between the Eloi and Morlocks, one must understand the beginnings of their respective races.

Again, Wells is creating connections between the two time periods in order to present his ideology, through a work of fiction. The Eloi live at ease among their divine architecture and flourishing forests and enjoy the carelessness of living harmoniously on the planets surface.

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The Time Machine: Communist Utopia/Capitalist Dystopia