Environment factors that can affect the health of infants

As of Maymore than countries had ratified the Convention on the Worst Forms of Child Labor, which calls for withdrawing children age 16 and younger from intolerable and hazardous work situations, by identifying hazards and developing effective monitoring systems.

Other possible contaminants that settle near the floor are floor-cleaning products, formaldehyde from new synthetic carpetpesticides, and radon. Hiremagalur N. Am J Public Health. An infant's respiratory rate is more than twice that of an adult's.

environmental risk examples

Preventing disease through healthy environments. At the local level, efforts need to be made to teach children, families, and communities to identify environmental threats to children, to adopt practices that reduce risks of exposure, and to work with local authorities and the private sector to develop prevention and intervention programs.

Environment factors that can affect the health of infants

UNEP et al. For instance, numerous field studies have indicated that good personal and household hygiene practices can help reduce the occurrence of diarrheal disease, even when there is no access to safe water or modern sanitation.

Community- and household-level interventions could also be adopted to reduce exposure to and transmission of ARIs, diarrheal disease, and malaria.

Children can also be exposed to lead from food-can solder, lead-based paints, ceramic glazes, drinking water systems, and cosmetics and folk remedies.

How can environmental influences affect the development of infant

Kirk R. Shahi et al. The "built environment". Encourage the development and support of community-level initiatives to reduce environmental health threats to children. As of May , more than countries had ratified the Convention on the Worst Forms of Child Labor, which calls for withdrawing children age 16 and younger from intolerable and hazardous work situations, by identifying hazards and developing effective monitoring systems. Children can also be exposed to lead from food-can solder, lead-based paints, ceramic glazes, drinking water systems, and cosmetics and folk remedies. Benzene levels in air correlate with heavy automobile traffic; children playing in the streets in poor neighborhoods have disproportionately high exposures [Weaver et al. However, only mothers who are themselves healthy, and in a position to provide a healthy, clean and safe environment can preserve their child's right to life. Environmental risks Children are more vulnerable than adults to environmental risks because of a number of factors: Children are constantly growing. Short-term curative responses can save some lives, but addressing underlying risk factors is key for long-term change. Key Points Certain host factors such as a small child's increased respiratory rate, and dietary factors such as an infant's exposure to pesticides in foods, and the thinner skin of the newborn present unique opportunities for exposure. For instance, numerous field studies have indicated that good personal and household hygiene practices can help reduce the occurrence of diarrheal disease, even when there is no access to safe water or modern sanitation. Further exploration is warranted. Pesticides can also seep into the ground and contaminate drinking water. While diarrhea-related deaths between and declined by 50 percent due to oral rehydration therapy, there is little evidence that the incidence of diarrheal disease has fallen.

Asthma Studies in less developed countries have linked indoor air pollution to lung cancer, stillbirths, low birth weight, heart ailments, and chronic respiratory diseases, including asthma. International Network to Promote Household Water Treatment and Safe Storage The storage of drinking water in the domestic environment has an important implication: in many countries, the Aedes mosquitoes breed in small water collections in and around the house that transmit the dengue virus.

Indiarrheal infections caused nearly 2 million deaths in children under age 5, primarily due to dehydration; many more children suffer from nonfatal diarrhea that leaves them underweight, physically stunted, vulnerable to disease, and drained of energy.

Environmental factors that affect child development

It is presumed that some of these chemicals may present new, unexpected challenges to human health, and their safety should be evaluated prior to release. Biological interactions of carbon-based nanomaterials: From coronation to degradation. In the first 6 months of life, children drink seven times as much water per kilogram of weight than does an adult. Gordon McGranahan et al. Am J Public Health. Several international initiatives, such as the Roll Back Malaria RBM partnership, have also been instrumental in addressing the problem. For instance, numerous field studies have indicated that good personal and household hygiene practices can help reduce the occurrence of diarrheal disease, even when there is no access to safe water or modern sanitation. Immobility: young children are not mobile and must rely on adults to remove them from hazardous exposure situations such as a room containing secondhand smoke. Global Initiative on Children's Environmental Health Indicators The way forward There are over million children under five in the world today. The most deadly are diarrheal diseases, 80 percent to 90 percent of which result from environmental factors. Children's central nervous, immune, reproductive, and digestive systems are still developing.

Their vulnerabilities to exposure include critical windows of susceptibility, diets at different stages of development, inherent behaviors and physical characteristics, and unique vulnerabilities - including rapid growth and development.

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Environmental Health